Table of Contents:
- What To Know About Home Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Stations
- Best Places To Install an EV Charging Station
- Requirements for EV Charging
- Different Types of EV Fast-Charging Models
What To Know About Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Stations
“EVs” or electric vehicles are the vehicles of the future. All types, sizes, and models of EVs powered partly (or entirely) by electric power are produced by major automakers. They are cheaper to operate and need less maintenance than conventional gas-powered vehicles. However, careful planning is essential for preventing future challenges and expenses.
Therefore, before proceeding, bear the following in mind:
- Learn how EV charging works and what is necessary
- Decide when and where to charge your electric car
- Consider your energy capabilities
- Choose your billing method
The following is a guide to understanding EV charging stations and installing one at your home:
Best Places To Install Home EV Charging Stations
If you’re considering purchasing an electric vehicle, you must consider where you would charge it. If you live in a condominium, your building may already have installed an electric vehicle (EV) charging station in your parking garage. However, if you live in a house that’s further from the city, you may want to consider installing a charging station.
Before purchasing an electric car, it is essential to choose a secure location for your charging station so the necessary equipment and wires can reach your vehicle securely. The easiest method is to contact a Licensed Electrical Contracting (LEC) company to evaluate your present panel, verify it can manage the additional electrical load, and install the EV charging station.
Requirements for EV Charging
In electric cars, a single-speed transmission transfers power from the motor to the wheels. The energy required to power an electric car is stored in batteries. Therefore, you must charge your car’s battery by connecting it to an outlet (or EV charging station) for it to operate. Note that the driving range increases with the battery’s size and kW (kilowatt-hours) rating.
Different Types of EV Fast-Charging Models
The slowest and simplest method of charging your EV at home is by using a standard (three-prong) 110-volt plug. All EVs come with a 110-volt compatible or Level 1 home connector kit.
There are 3 categories or types of charging:
1. Trickle Charge or Level 1 EV Charging Station
Level 1 or Trickle Charge EV charging stations are the simplest of the three varieties. Essentially, the charging cable which comes with an electric car is a Level 1 charger. Many of these chargers simply connect to a grounded wall outlet with a three-prong plug and run on standard home electricity (110-120 volts AC).
This charger style is simple and practical; however, the charging power is low. For instance, if you require 200 miles (320 km), it will take around 50 hours, or 7-9 km/per charging hour (5 miles/per charging hour), to completely recharge the car. This charging method is suitable for hybrid automobiles, which can sometimes be completely charged overnight.
2. AC Charge or Level 2 EV Charging Station
Depending on the kind of car, a typical Level 2 charger utilizes 240 volts and 30 amps. An electric stove or dryer uses this type of electrical circuit. There are also Level 2 portable charging stations, but they still need a 240-volt outlet.
The outlet is often connected to the home’s circuit. Installing a Level 2 charging cable on the driveway and putting it into the outlet using a portable Level 2 charger is an additional option.
3. DC Charge or Level 3 Electric Vehicle Charger
Level 3 charging stations, which are intended for business usage, are the third kind of EV charging station. These charging stations provide much quicker charging periods: Level 3 charging stations can reach 80% capacity in 30 minutes.
Except for Tesla, Level 3 commercial charging stations have two plug choices depending on the EV manufacturer (and you will require an adaptor to utilize these stations).
For more information on the best home EV charging station installation services in the Abbotsford area, visit Gregg Electric online or call us at (604) 557-4734 today.